Carnegie Mellon University & University of Pittsburgh Collaborative Badge Research
CS2N is involved in research in collaboration with Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh's Learning Research and Development Center.
Ongoing Studies
 Building Theory of Badges for Computer Science Education

Changing Culture in Robotics Classrooms (CCRC)
Teaching Programming and CS Principles in Robotics Class  Teaching Robot Programming Through Simulation
 Robots in Motion Robot Algebra Project
Here you will find a listing of our published articles and papers.
Teaching Programming through Robotics
 Liu, A., Schunn, C. D., Flot, J., & Shoop, R. (2013) The role of physicality in rich programming environments.. Computer Science Education, 23(4), 315331., [ PDF ]
 Flot, J., Shoop, R (November 2013) Foregrounding Math, Engineering, and Computer Science using Robotics.. Presentation given at the Technology Education and Engineering Association of Pennsylvania Annual Conference, Camp Hill Pennsylvania., [ PDF copy of PowerPoint ]
 Flot, J., Shoop, R (November 2013) Teaching Programming with Robot Virtual Worlds.. Presentation given at the Technology Education and Engineering Association of Pennsylvania Annual Conference, Camp Hill Pennsylvania., [ PDF copy of PowerPoint ]
 Liu, A., Newsom, J., Schunn, C., Shoop, R. Learn to program in half the time!. Robot Magazine , 4951. [ Author Proof (PDF) ]
 Soldaat, X., Friez, T., Flot, J. Pointers and Data Structures in ROBOTC. Robot Magazine , 5961. [ Author Proof (PDF) ]
 Liu, A., Newsom, J., Schunn, C., Shoop, R. Students Learn Programming Faster through Robotic Simulation. Tech Directions , 1619. [ Author Proof (PDF) ]
 Flot, J., Lui, A., Schunn, C., Shoop, R. (November 2012). Learning How to Program via Robot Simulation.. Robot Magazine , 6870. [Author Proof (PDF)]
 Avanzato, R.,Choset, H., Friez, T., Shoop, R. Veloso, M. (2011, December). Programming and MultiRobot Communications. Robot Magazine , 7477. [Author Proof (PDF)]
 Atwood, T., Shoop, R. Carnegie Mellon Launches a Mega Million Dollar Robotics Education Initiative. Robot Magazine , 7071. [Author Proof (PDF)]
 Shoop, R. (2011, May). FIRE Unveils Robot Virtual World Games. Robot Magazine , 7881. [Author Proof (PDF)]
 Shoop, R. (2011, January) Computer Science Student Network Project. Presented at the Computing Education for the 21st Century (CE21) meeting, New Orleans [Handout]
 Higashi, R., Shoop, R. (2011, November) Organizational Expectations Presented to Propel School System Teachers and Administrators, Robot Algebra Partnership Kickoff [Handout]
Badges, Motivation, and Assessment
 Abramovich, S., Schunn, C.D., Higashi, R. (2013) Are Badges Useful in Education?: it depends upon the type of badge and expertise of Learner. Educational Technology Research & Development, March 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s1142301392892. [Paper PDF]
 Higashi, R., Abramovich, S., Shoop, R., Schunn, C.D.(2012, June) The Roles of Badges in the Computer Science Student Network. 2012 GLS Conference [Paper PDF]
 Abramovich, S., Higashi, R., Hunkele, T. Schunn, C.D., Shoop, R. (2011, July) Achievement Systems to Boost Achievement Motivation. 2011 GLS Conference [Paper PDF]
Approaches in Teaching Mathematics and Robotics
 Alfieri, L., Higashi, R., Shoop, R., Schunn, C.D., (2015, February). Case studies of a robotbased game to shape interests and hone proportional reasoning skills. International Journal of STEM Education. [Paper (PDF)]
 King, S., Stein, M., Schunn, C.D., (2012, May).Designing Educative Guides: Reconceptualizing Teacher's Role in Teacherless Cognitive Tutorbased Robotics Instruction.Paper presented at the 2012 annual meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education, Vancouver, BC. [Paper (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M. (2011).Resources for learning robots: Environments and framings connecting math in robotics(Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh). Available from DScholarship at the University of Pittsburgh. (No. 8607) [Paper (PDF)] [Presentation (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., Higashi, R., & Schunn, C. D. (2011, June).Resources for robot competition success: Assessing math use in gradeschoollevel engineering design. Paper to be presented at theannual meetingof theAmerican Society for Engineering Education, Vancouver, BC, Canada. [Paper (PDF)] [Presentation (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., & Schunn, C. D. (2011, June).Calculational versus mechanistic mathematics in propelling the development of physical knowledge. Paper to be presented at the41st annual meetingof theJean Piaget Society, Berkeley, CA, USA. [Paper (PDF)] [Presentation (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., & Schunn, C. D. (2011, April).Resources for learning robots: Facilitating the incorporation of mathematical models in students' engineering design strategies.Paper to be presented at theannual meetingof theAmerican Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, USA. [Paper (PDF)] [Presentation (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., Schunn, C. D., Shoop, R., & Stein, M. K. (2011, March).The Robot Algebra Project. Poster presented at theeighth annual NSF ITEST Summit, Arlington, VA, USA. [Poster (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M. (2010, August 25). Can math help in LEGO robotics competitions? [4partweb logpost]. Retrieved fromhttp://roboticsacademy.org/blog/?p=356[Part 1] [Part 2] [Part 3] [Part 4]
 Silk, E. M., Higashi, R., Shoop, R., & Schunn, C. D. (2010). Designing technology activities that teach mathematics. The Technology Teacher, 69 (4), 2127. [Paper (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., Schunn, C. D., & Shoop, R. (2009).Synchronized robot dancing: Motivating efficiency & meaning in problemsolving with robotics.Robot Magazine, 17 , 7477. [Author Proof (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., & Schunn, C. D. (2008, June).Using robotics to teach mathematics: Analysis of a curriculum designed and implemented. Paper presented at theannual meetingof theAmerican Society for Engineering Education, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. [Paper (PDF)] [Presentation (PDF)]
 Silk, E. M., Schunn, C. D., Higashi, R., Shoop, R., Dietrich, A., & Reed, R. (2007).The use of robotics to teach mathematics. Robotics Educators Conference, Butler, PA, USA. [Presentation (PDF)]
Other Notable Research
Badge Research
 Antin & Churchill, Badges In Social Media: A Social Psychological Perspective – In this short paper Antin and Churchill describe badges from a social scientist's perspective. [PDF]
National Studies around CSSTEM
 National Science Board (2010). Preparing the next generation of STEM innovators: Identifying and developing our nation’s human capital. Publication NSB1033 of the National Science Foundation. http://www.nsf.gov/nsb/stem/innovators.jsp
 GalEzer, J. & Stephenson, C. (2009). The Current State of Computer Science in U.S. High Schools: A Report from Two National Surveys. Journal for Computing Teachers, Spring 2009
 CSTA (Computer Science Teachers Association) (2009). CSTA National Secondary Computer Science Survey: Comparison of 2005, 2007, and 2009 Survey Results. http://csta.acm.org/Research/sub/CSTAResearch.html
 "Enrollments and Degree Production at US CS Departments Drop further in 2006/2007", CRA Bulletin, March 2008. http://www.cra.org/wp/index.php?p=139
 "Fastest Growing Occupations", Monthly Labor Review, November 2007. http://www.bls.gov/emp/emptab21.htm